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Can China control social media revolution?

httpv://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-pacific-15383756

By Michael Bristow / BBC News, Beijing

Microblogs give people the opportunity to share information and speak out like never before. At first sight, Longquan Temple, which sits at the foot of a mountain just outside Beijing, seems like an odd place to look for the modern world.

Buddhist monks have been performing complicated rituals in its incense-filled halls and courtyards for more than 1,000 years. But the temple is going through a revival that is being driven by a very high-tech tool – the internet. The abbot even has his own microblog. Master Xue Cheng is just one of 200 million people who have their own site on China’s most popular microblogging portal, Weibo, a service run by internet company Sina. It has led to a fundamental change in the way people communicate with each other, giving them the chance to share information and speak out.

Microblogging even has the potential to transform China – and its leaders know it. That is why they are now debating how to control this social revolution.

‘Embrace new things’

Microblog use has exploded in China over the last couple of years. Twitter is blocked but home-grown alternatives are booming. Like Twitter, each message is limited to 140 characters, although users can say so much more with that many Chinese symbols than with English letters. Chinese microblog sites also allow people to attach photographs and documents, increasing the ability to disseminate information.

The range of people who use them is endless: film directors, athletes, television presenters and, of course, ordinary people. Like elsewhere in the world, they use these sites to talk about anything and everything, much of it trivial, some of it less so.

Master Xue Cheng said his microblog shows that “Buddhists have the ability to embrace new things”. His site is updated regularly with news of events at Longquan and sayings related to his Buddhist beliefs. “A person is happy not because he possesses a lot, but because he cares for just a few things,” was one recent posting from the monk.

The instant messages spread on microblogs have also given Chinese activists a new weapon in their fight against the government. Information about protests, petitions and government persecution whizz around cyberspace at lightning speed. The internet is driving a Buddhist revival at Longquan Temple, just outside Beijing

Retired campaigner Wang Lihong realised the value of this new form of communication, using it to gain support for her causes. She helped people with grievances against the government. The authorities dealt with her, sentencing the 56-year-old to nine months in prison at a court in Beijing in September for “stirring up trouble”. But her message is harder to silence. As she was being led away she told her son, Qi Jianxiang, to remember her on the internet.  Her sentence had been blogged even before she left the courtroom.

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