Rio de Janeiro shaken by fresh gang violence
Police and gang members have clashed in the Brazilian city of Rio de Janeiro for a fourth day, despite further raids by security forces.
Heavily armed men continued to stop cars and buses, rob passengers and set vehicles alight, police said.
Officials say drug traffickers are fighting back against police operations aimed at pacifying city slums.
“There are groups of criminals who have been installed here for 20, 30 years, and they might not want to give up,” said Rio state public safety director Jose Beltrame.
“But we’re not giving up either. If they keep this up, we will redouble our efforts. Anyone who gets in our path will be run over.”
Military police said 10 suspected gang members died in shootouts with agents early on Wednesday. Officials later raised the number killed to 13.
One of the victims was a 14-year-old girl hit by a stray bullet in the area of Penha, the Brazilian newspaper O Globo reported.
Two policemen were wounded in the clashes, officials said.
The Brazilian G1 news website said bombs, grenades and guns had been seized in police raids.
World Cup fears
Gang-related violence has plagued Rio for decades, but most has been contained within the city’s slums, known as favelas.
Now some of the recent attacks have spilled into wealthier areas closer to the beach.
“The scary part is that now it is getting close to us,” said Olga Silveira, shopping in the wealthy Ipanema neighbourhood.
“Before, the violence was always far away. The criminals have discovered the power they have and they want to show it.”
Correspondents say the latest wave of violence has raised further doubts about Rio’s ability to safely host the 2014 Fifa football World Cup and 2016 Olympic Games.
The latest clashes began on Saturday night when armed men began blocking some of the main roads leading out of Rio, robbing motorists and setting vehicles on fire.
By Tuesday, police said officers had been deployed in 17 slum districts.
More than 1,000 officers were removed from desk jobs to join the operation and 300 extra motorcycle police were on patrol, they said.
Two suspected gang members had been shot dead by Tuesday and there have been many arrests.
Rio’s favelas have for years been controlled by heavily armed drug trafficking gangs.
The city’s pacification programme is aimed at improving security and the rule of law in Rio in the run-up to the World Cup and Olympics.
At the scene
Bill Wilson (BBC News, Rio de Janeiro)
At first glance it seems to be life as normal on the famous beaches of Copacabana and Ipanema.
But at some of the top hotels, sightseeing trips to the favelas are no longer available. Taxi drivers have seemed noticeably tenser in the past 24 hours.
Since being in Rio I have witnessed prostitution and petty thefts on Copacabana beach.
But on Tuesday night things took on a totally different aspect, with armoured vehicles and camouflaged police out in force.
Drugs gangs have been evicted from many of the favelas and police stations have been established. The gangs are now showing the law enforcers that they have not gone away.